Motivations for Obtaining and Redeeming Coupons from a
devices. Mobile coupons may take the form of texts, pictures, videos, or barcodes and can be downloaded, saved, and redeemed online or at retail stores . Retailers use mobile coupons to introduce new products, encourage bulk purchases, increase trial rates, ensure higher off-take of slow-moving products, promote sales to prevent excesses in
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Sustainability Free Full-Text An Incentive-Based
In Madrid, she does not have coupons for restaurant and eats at home. The day after: Exchanges her points for a “35% off” QR-coupon on electronic books. Ana gives a printed QR-coupon code to the seller who scans it with his smart phone (sellers’ App), validates it, and so the discount is applied.
Energies Free Full-Text Testing the Durability of Anti
Coupons cleaned every 4 weeks showed a restoration in transmittance. Cycles of light rainfall and evaporation combined with a humid and salty environment led to cementation occurring on all coupons. The development of an abrasion-resistant, super-hydrophobic coating with a low roll-off angle and high water contact angle is more likely to
Materials Free Full-Text Creep Testing of
Essential for these efforts are experimental data to calibrate and validate the models. To achieve this objective, tubular coupons made from GFR-HDPE were manufactured using a custom tape winding setup. Using tubular coupons eliminates undesirable free-edge effects, yet, fabrication and testing of such samples is technologically involved.
Microorganisms Free Full-Text Allium ursinum and
For enumerating CFU of coupons, the biofilms were detached by scraping the coupon surface with a sterile wooden stick. Then, biofilm cells were suspended in 3 mL PBS and vortexed for 5 min. The aliquots were serially diluted, plated for CFU counting, and the cell densities in log 10 CFU/cm 2 of surfaces of the coupons were calculated.
Improving Fatigue Performance of GFRP Composite Using
The GFRP coupons were tested under static and cyclic tension loads. Loads were applied using MTS® Bionex servo hydraulic system with mechanical grips. Five coupons of each type of GFRP composite were tested under static tension load guided by ASTM D3039-08 . The load was applied in a displacement control protocol with 1 mm/min. loading rate.
JMMP Free Full-Text Optimization of Laser Powder Bed
After processing, the printed coupons were cut off the build plate and their densities measured using the Archimedes’ technique (ASTM B962-15). Each density measurement using a SARTORIUS Secura 324-1s scale (Sartorius, Goettingen, Germany), having a precision of ~0.001 g, was repeated at least 3 times.
A New Card-Linked Loyalty Program: Estimated and
rewards or coupons (rewards can be redeemed during the payment process). This technique is a subject of many U.S. Patents (e.g., [25–32]), but it has been ﬁrstly presented in the book , even before electronic card payment gained such a popularity.
Materials Free Full-Text Fatigue Life Appraisal and
This paper presents an experimental study on the fatigue life estimation of off-centrally cracked aluminum plates. Typical theoretical equations for off-central, central and edge cracks were reviewed and compared in terms of their sensitive parameters and applicability. A finite element model has been validated in its capacity in modelling the influences of eccentricity and crack size on the
Biofilm-Forming Ability of Microbacterium lacticum and
scraping (mechanical action), coupons were washed twice in PBS, resuspended in 1 mL of PBS and scraped off four times vertically and horizontally by using a sterile pipette tip (Figure S1). The solution was centrifuged at 4000 g for 10 min. Subsequently, after tenfold serial dilution, samples were drop plated (6 5 L; 10 1–10 6) onto TSA (37 C
Sustainability Free Full-Text Government’s Stimulus
The use of coupons to boost regional and national sales is not a new policy measure; in fact, it has been used worldwide for many years. Kan et al.  studied the effect of a Taiwanese shopping coupon program on unplanned consumer spending and found that a $ 1 increase in the shopping coupon value generated $ 0.24 worth of unplanned spending.The Japanese government has circulated coupons to
Materials Free Full-Text Improved Strength and
This investigation examines the role of carboxyl functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (COOH-MWCNTs) in the on- and off-axis flexure and the shear responses of thin carbon woven fabric composite plates. The chemically functionalized COOH-MWCNTs were used to fabricate epoxy nanocomposites and, subsequently, carbon woven fabric plates to be tested on flexure and shear. In addition to the
Energies Free Full-Text Degradation of Hydrophobic
Soiling of solar module cover glass is a serious problem for solar asset managers. It causes a reduction in power output due to attenuation of the incident light, and reduces the return on investment. Regular cleaning is required to mitigate the effect but this is a costly procedure. The application of transparent hydrophobic, anti-soiling coatings to the cover glass is a promising solution.
Materials Free Full-Text Modeling and Measurement of
This paper aims at presenting the effects of short-term sustained load and temperature on time-dependent deformation of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) bonded to concrete and pull-off strength at room temperature after the sustained loading period. The approach involves experimental and numerical analysis. Single-lap shear specimens were used to evaluate temperature and short-term
Sensors Free Full-Text MobiPag: Integrated Mobile
Mobile payments still remain essentially an emerging technology, seeking to fill the gap between the envisioned potential and widespread usage. In this paper, we present an integrated mobile service solution based on the near field communication (NFC) protocol that was developed under a research project called MobiPag. The most distinctive characteristic of Mobipag is its open architectural
Sustainability Free Full-Text A Study of Emotional
The respondents were entered into lotteries for digital vouchers or coupons for use at cafés, restaurants, barber shops, or cinemas in China. Of the 520 questionnaires retrieved from 15 to 30 March 2021, three were excluded due to data abnormality and eight were excluded due to missing values.
Fibers Free Full-Text Improving Fatigue Performance of
The GFRP coupons were tested under static and cyclic tension loads. Loads were applied using MTS ® Bionex servo hydraulic system with mechanical grips. Five coupons of each type of GFRP composite were tested under static tension load guided by ASTM D3039-08 . The load was applied in a displacement control protocol with 1 mm/min. loading rate.
Materials Free Full-Text Mixed-Mode Interlaminar
The tensile tests were performed according to BS EN ISO 527 using 0°, 90° and ±45° coupons. The samples were machined using a Benetec ® (Barnstaple, UK) diamond coated wet saw to a length of 250 mm and a width of 25 mm. Five coupons were extracted for each test as required by the standard. The test was performed using an MTS Systems
Materials Free Full-Text Effect of Long-Term High
The weight signal is off-line processed afterwards in order to obtain coking rates. The reactor effluent is online analyzed via gas chromatography (GC) to evaluate the stability and reproducibility of the cracking conditions. The surface morphology and chemical composition of the coupons are typically analyzed off-line by means of SEM and EDX.
Polymers Free Full-Text Nanosilica-Toughened Epoxy
Exposing the lap shear test coupons to 100% relative humidity at 60 °C reduced the strength over exposure time, with the nanosilica-modified adhesives always performing better than the control. Furthermore, they tested the cyclic loading until failure and found significant improvements for the system with 10 wt % silica nanoparticles; using 20
Nanomaterials Free Full-Text Monitoring Damage
Three GFRP composite coupons of 19 mm × 150 mm were tested under off-axis (i.e., load was applied at 45° with respect to the fiber direction) static monotonically increasing tension stress. The reason for choosing off-axis loading was to simulate realistic loading conditions where stresses are generated in any direction to the glass fiber
Microorganisms Free Full-Text The Effect of
Biofilm was formed on stainless steel coupons for two and five days before transferred to tubes with Virocid 0, 25%, VirkonS 1%, and TP990 1% and left for various exposure times. The biofilms were scraped off and serial dilutions were spread on blood agar …
Coatings Free Full-Text Laboratory and Field Studies
Steel coupons were coated with BAM-PPV pretreatment, MIL-DTL-53022 primer and topcoated with MIL-DTL-53039 or MIL-DTL-64159. The failure criterion was an ASTM D 1654 rating of three or less. The majority of the 4130 steel coupon surfaces that were grit-blasted prior to coating with the BAM-PPV pretreatment completed the 432 h of NSS exposure
Microorganisms Free Full-Text Anti-Biofilm Activity of
This step was followed by a final overnight dialysis (molecular weight cut-off: 1000 Da, Spectrum Labs.com). To evaluate the heat sensibility, SN IIIA004 was incubated for 1 h at 37 °C, 30 min at 50 °C, 70 °C, or 100 °C. SN IIIA004 was replaced with Zobell broth in the negative controls.
J. Compos. Sci. Free Full-Text Effect of Graphene
The fiber content of the 0.25 wt.% coupons is less than the fiber content of plain coupons. Nonetheless, the recorded improvement counts as 5% in comparison to the neat composite. Meanwhile, 0.75 and 2 wt.% of graphene concentrations almost showed the same improvement of the ILSS by about 2%.
Viruses Free Full-Text Survival of Human Norovirus
Contamination of these waters by enteric pathogens can occur in several ways including discharge of treated and untreated wastewater, illegal dumping of human excrements, and unintentional discharges due to urban, rural and agricultural run-off [14,15]. As a result, preventing entry of enteric pathogens into these water sources is not always
Membranes Free Full-Text How Molecular Weight Cut-Offs
Filtration membranes (FMs) are an integral part of electrodialysis with filtration membranes (EDFM), a green and promising technology for bioactive peptide fractionation. Therefore, it is paramount to understand how physicochemical properties of FMs impact global and selective peptide migration to anionic (A−RC) and cationic (C+RC) peptide recovery compartments during their simultaneous
Microorganisms Free Full-Text Listeria monocytogenes
The bioprotective LAB produced neither off-odours and off-flavours, nor white/viscous patinas, slime, discoloration or browning. Therefore, according to the obtained data, and despite the fact that cooked cubed ham did not show pH ≤ 4.4 or a w ≤ 0.92, or pH ≤ 5.0 and a w ≤ …
Fibers Free Full-Text Influence of Cutting Temperature
Unlike metals, the machining of composites is difficult and inevitably generates defects such as delamination, fiber pull-out, matrix cracking, and plastic deformation on the machined edges [6,7].These defects depend substantially on cutting parameters and machining configuration .High cutting speed and low feed rate is the best combination in terms of surface integrity and surface roughness
Polymers Free Full-Text Permeation Damage of Polymer
Coupons were tested in the lab by accelerating the parameters to achieve physical and chemical aging. However, before running the experiment, these pre-aged coupons were evaluated for different properties, including tensile strength, modulus, elasticity, and crack initiation and propagation [ 101 ].
Methods for Recovering Microorganisms from Solid Surfaces
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10 6171 being brought into cutting lines. Even if surfaces and utensils were cleaned and disinfected during breaks and at the end of the working day, this would most likely prevent not more than about 10% of
Coatings Free Full-Text Pulsed Waterjet Roughening of
For A380, the pull-off strength at 2.95 µm roughness is the lowest (~44 MPa) because of the lack of favorable mechanical anchoring sites. There is also a decrease in pull-off strength at a surface roughness value of 44.95 µm for A380 but the pull-off adhesion strength of 51 MPa is still in the recommended range.
Materials Free Full-Text Anodic and Mechanical
Finally, the CFRP subjected to polarization in EC test was cut into the specified tensile coupons shown in Figure 3. The dimensions of the coupons were 250 mm × 25 mm × 2 mm. According to , the tensile tests of the CFRP coupons were carried out at a displacement rate of 0.1 mm/min by a universal testing machine MTS Model E45. Two samples were
IJERPH Free Full-Text Understanding the Competitive
Data cleaning aims at eliminating abnormal and unreasonable data. Abnormal data are the car sharing orders whose drop-off time is earlier than pick-up time, or whose pick-up or drop-off stations are not included in the 211 car sharing stations mentioned in Section 3.2 due to …
Sustainability Free Full-Text Do Discounts in Ticket
The result suggests that the sample should be split into low- and high-involvement segments. The cut-off value of the split point q * occurs at 18. Note that the average of the sum of involvement scales was 16.24, with the standard deviation of 3.59, the minimum being 5 and the maximum being 24.
Aerospace Free Full-Text Synthesis and Experimental
After the sanding process, the coupons were washed off with deionized water. A soft brushing was followed using a wet thin gauze fabric. Finally, the composite adherents were dried for 8 h at 60 °C inside an oven, and the bonding surface was cleaned carefully with acetone.
Nanomaterials Free Full-Text Use of Cotton Textiles
The fabric coupons were immersed into the two different [email protected] 2 suspensions (3 wt%) and soaked for 5 min, then they were squeezed by means of a two-rollers laboratory padder, dried in oven at 100 °C, and finally heat treated for 10 min at 130 °C. Three impregnation steps were performed to reach the desired dry add-on value (AO
Entropy Free Full-Text Application of Quantum—Markov
Markov processes, such as random walk models, have been successfully used by cognitive and neural scientists to model human choice behavior and decision time for over 50 years. Recently, quantum walk models have been introduced as an alternative way to model the dynamics of human choice and confidence across time. Empirical evidence points to the need for both types of processes, and open
Foods Free Full-Text Efficient Reduction of Food
The number of spores added on each coupon varied in the range of 3.5–6.2 log. Two parallel steel coupons were inoculated with mould spore suspension for each test. The petri dishes with the mould-containing coupons were placed on a conveyor belt, about 80 cm above the floor in a 36 m 3 test room.
JRFM Free Full-Text Empirical Credit Risk Ratings of
Undoubtedly, it is important to have an empirically effective credit risk rating method for decision-making in the financial industry, business, and even government. In our approach, for each corporate bond (CB) and its issuer, we first propose a credit risk rating (Crisk-rating) system with rating intervals for the standardized credit risk price spread (S-CRiPS) measure presented by Kariya et
Sustainability Free Full-Text A Systematic Review of
Cause-related marketing (CRM) is a globally popular marketing technique due to its value to multiple stakeholders such as the companies, the consumers, the non-profit organizations, and the society. The key to successful CRM is the consumer purchasing the cause-related product, and experimental methodology was adopted mostly during this process. Therefore, this paper systematically reviewed
Social Sciences Free Full-Text Examining the Role of
In the context of OGB, the most common forms of promotional marketing are online coupons and discounts (such as buy 1, get 1; 30% off). Both price discounts and the WOM information about the product will influence consumers’ evaluation of the product and their intention to purchase (Suri and Monroe 2003; Lu et al. 2015).
Separation of Organic Compounds from ABE Model Solutions
procedure, the membrane was taken out of the oven and cooled to room temperature. Coupons of 5.0 cm in diameter of the cured membrane were cut to ﬁt the size of the membrane holder in the membrane test module. The active area of the membrane was 13.5 cm2. 2.2.2. Activated Carbon (AC) Nanoparticles-PDMS Mixed Matrix Membranes
Sustainability Free Full-Text Promoting Food for the
Special offers, such as buy 2 get one free, buy 2 and get 30% off, etc., may play a key role in increasing food wastage, but not conclusively. Jörissen et al. (2015) Online survey: n = 453 (Karlsruhe) n = 404 (Ispra) Germany, Italy
IJERPH Free Full-Text Three Potential Sources of
The coupons, held in their racks, were gently and sequentially rinsed twice in SROW to remove residual source water. One set of coupons was used for examination under the SEM. These coupons were fixed for 48 h in a solution of 2.5% gluteraldehyde in 0.05 M KH 2 PO 4 buffer at pH 7 and subsequently air-dried in a biological safety cabinet. The
IJERPH Free Full-Text Influence of Food and Beverage
The retail food environment plays an important role in shaping dietary habits that contribute to obesity and other chronic diseases. Food and beverage manufacturers use trade promotion—incentives paid to retailers—to influence how products are placed, priced, and promoted in stores. This review aims to: (1) catalogue trade promotion practices that manufacturers use to influence retailer
Materials Free Full-Text Thermal Shock Resistance and
Prior to coating, the coupons were degreased in an acetone bath. To synthesise LaMgAl 11 O 19 (LaMA), a high-temperature solid-state reaction strategy was followed (Equation (1)). La 2 O 3 oxide powder was preheated at 973 °C for 2 h, as it absorbs moisture and converts to lanthanum hydroxide [ 5 , 28 ].
Nanomaterials Free Full-Text The Tuning of LIPSS
Stainless-steel coupons are mounted horizontally on XY translation stages, 3 mm closer to the laser focusing lens than the focal point. A stationary nozzle is used to introduce CO 2 gas at the point of laser irradiation. (b) Magnified rendering of the CO 2 nozzle and exhaust line in relation to the stainless-steel substrate and laser beam spot.