Cigarette smoking and reasons for leaving school among
The coupons were designed to tear off so the recruiter could keep the left half of the coupon, and the potential recruit the right half. The potential recruit was required to arrive at the survey site with their half of the coupon to complete a survey if interested. As proof of
Actived: 1 days ago
Recruitment using respondent driven sampling, risk
Fifty participants, 8% were not included in the study because some came with expired coupons, were off age limit and others came after we stopped recruiting because we had reached the needed sample size. At the clinic, each referred respondent voluntarily presented herself with a valid coupon, signed a consent form and filled the questionnaire.
Can food vouchers improve nutrition and reduce health
Good nutrition is important during pregnancy, breastfeeding and early life to optimise the health of women and children. It is difficult for low-income families to prioritise spending on healthy food. Healthy Start is a targeted United Kingdom (UK) food subsidy programme that gives vouchers for fruit, vegetables, milk, and vitamins to low-income families.
Bio-behavioural HIV and STI surveillance among men who
A dedicated software package was developed by the research team in order to generate and print the recruitment coupons (including the identification barcode). This software was designed specifically for generating and managing barcodes to be read using a barcode reader, in order to avoid any potential mistake in the process of code management
Willingness to pay for flexible working conditions of
People with T2D had significantly lower WTP than people without diabetes for part-time work, customized work, and time off without pay, but not for extra breaks or time off with pay. Conclusions For people with and without T2D, WTP was present for initiatives that could improve management of diabetes at the workplace.
Willingness to pay for flexible working conditions of
return for small rewards (e.g. discounts or coupons). Individuals were included if t hey consented to participate, were between 25 and 67 years old, employed (full or part time) at a workplace with at least one other employee, and residing in Denmark. Three samples were formed by apply-ing quotas based on gender, age groups and geography
A multi-stakeholder evaluation of the Baltimore City
off of any other demographic characteristic. This was done to make sure that customers felt that it was a neighborhood based program and not restricted to indi-viduals meeting certain demographic criteria. Data collection This mixed-method study assessed stakeholder views on the feasibility, sustainability, and efficacy of the VSP
CORRESPONDENCE Open Access Variations in food and drink
cement in editorial content, money off coupons, adver-torials, fliers and supplements) were identified and the product advertised and size of each advertisement (in printed pages) recorded. The term ‘food advertisements’ was used to describe all advertisements for branded food and drink products, but excluding dietary supple-ments and baby
B’More healthy: retail rewards
Low-income black residents of Baltimore City have disproportionately higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than other Maryland residents. Increasing the availability and affordability of healthy food are key strategies to improve the food environment and can lead to healthier diets. This paper describes B’More Healthy: Retail Rewards (BHRR), an intervention that tests the effectiveness
Acceptability of pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV
In Benin, men who have sex with men (MSM) do not always use condoms during anal sex. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) using Truvada® (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate / emtricitabine) may be a complementary HIV prevention measure for MSM. This study aimed at identifying the potential facilitators and barriers to the use of PrEP. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2018 …
Evaluation of a workplace intervention to promote commuter
Originating from the interdisciplinary collaboration between public health and the transportation field a workplace intervention to promote commuter cycling, ‘Bike to Work: cyclists are rewarded’, was implemented. The intervention consisted of two cycling contests, an online loyalty program based on earning ‘cycling points’ and the dissemination of information through folders
Variations in food and drink advertising in UK monthly
All stand alone advertisements (excluding product placement in editorial content, money off coupons, advertorials, fliers and supplements) were identified and the product advertised and size of each advertisement (in printed pages) recorded. The term 'food advertisements' was used to describe all advertisements for branded food and drink
Fruits and vegetables at home (FLAM): a randomized
A sufficient fruits and vegetables (FV) consumption contributes to reducing the risk of non-communicable diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and several cancers [1,2,3,4,5,6,7].Conversely, an insufficient consumption of FV has been estimated to be responsible for 19% of gastrointestinal cancers, 30% of ischemic heart diseases and 11% of strokes …
Urine-based testing for Chlamydia trachomatis among young
We assessed the feasibility of collecting urine samples for testing on genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in a population-based survey, and prevalence of this infection among young people aged 18-25 in Croatia. In Croatia, as in the other countries of Eastern Europe, there is a lack of data on prevalence of C trachomatis in the general population, including young adults.
When female circumcision comes to the West: Attitudes
The reason for only using two coupons was to elongate the recruitment waves so that the diversion of subsequent waves from the initial seeds was increased. Each seed proceeded to recruit two persons into their network, which became the first wave, with the first-wave participants further recruiting their peers, which then became the second wave.
Mental health of African asylum-seekers and refugees in
Hong Kong is non-signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol, and has no systematic domestic policies committed to the rights of asylum-seekers and refugees (ASRs). This creates a tenuous setting for African ASRs there. This study explored how mapped social determinates of health has impacted the mental health and wellbeing of African ASR’s in Hong Kong.
High heterogeneity of HIV-related sexual risk among
Studies of HIV-related risk in trans (transgender, transsexual, or transitioned) people have most often involved urban convenience samples of those on the male-to-female (MTF) spectrum. Studies have detected high prevalences of HIV-related risk behaviours, self-reported HIV, and HIV seropositivity. The Trans PULSE Project conducted a multi-mode survey using respondent-driven sampling to
Food and beverage marketing in primary and secondary
Principals from Ontario were more likely to agree that “exposing students to food marketing in schools is an acceptable trade-off for funds or resources that may otherwise not be available” compared to Principals from British Columbia (28% versus 11%, χ 2 (2, n = 140) = 7.420, p = 0.024, V = .230). There were no other statistically
Supermarket retailers’ perspectives on healthy food retail
Excess calorie consumption and poor diet are major contributors to the obesity epidemic. Food retailers, in particular at supermarkets, are key shapers of the food environment which influences consumers’ diets. This study seeks to understand the decision-making processes of supermarket retailers—including motivators for and barriers to promoting more healthy products—and to catalogue
Evaluating real-time momentary stress and affect in police
Occupational stress is a well-known condition associated with high levels of distress, depression, anxiety, and burnout among police officers .In the course of their daily work, police officers deal with various crimes—including domestic violence, physical assaults, and sexual assaults—and those who perpetrate them, which leads to unpredictable circumstances.
Outreach for chlamydia and gonorrhoea screening: a
Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is the most commonly reported notifiable infectious disease in the United States, Australia and many European countries with notifications increasing steadily each year [1–3].High CT and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) prevalence’s of 3-10% have been reported in young people, men who have sex with men (MSM) and sex workers [4–6].
Evaluating the impact of DREAMS on HIV incidence among
“Determined, Resilient, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe” (DREAMS) is a package of biomedical, social and economic interventions offered to adolescent girls and young women aged 10–24 years with the aim of reducing HIV incidence. In four of the six DREAMS districts in Zimbabwe, DREAMS includes an offer of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (DREAMS+PrEP), alongside interventions to …
Portrayal of electronic cigarettes on YouTube BMC Public
As the most popular video sharing website in the world, YouTube has the potential to reach and influence a huge audience. This study aims to gain a systematic understanding of what e-cigarette messages people are being exposed to on YouTube by assessing the quantity, portrayal and reach of e-cigarette videos. Researchers identified the top 20 search results on YouTube by relevance …
Beach boys in Galle, Sri Lanka: multiple HIV risk
There are limited data globally on HIV in men who engage in casual and transactional sex with female tourists. In 2018 we carried out a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) survey among beach boys in Galle, Sri Lanka, to determine prevalence of HIV and other infections, HIV risk behaviours and utilisation of HIV prevention services. Eligibility criteria included men who cruise in and around beach
A multicentre sero-behavioural survey for hepatitis B and
People who inject drugs are at high risk for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. HTLV was reported by neighboring countries to be prevalent in this population, but the situation for Germany is unclear. To generate seroprevalence and related behavioural data and to enhance prevention efforts against these infections for drug users in Germany, a multicentre sero- and behavioural survey was …
A cluster randomised controlled trial of an intervention
Background Physical inactivity and a poor diet predict lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain types of cancer. Marked declines in physical activity occur during late adolescence, coinciding with the point at which many young people leave school and enter the workforce and begin to take greater control over their lifestyle behaviours. The work outlined within
The prevalence and impact of childhood sexual abuse on HIV
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a significant global public health problem, which is associated with negative psychosocial outcomes and high-risk sexual behaviors in adults. Men who have sex with men (MSM) often report higher prevalence of CSA history than the general population, and CSA may play a key role in MSM’s greater vulnerability to HIV.
Disinfection of football protective equipment using
Treatment of spore coupons enclosed in Tyvek. Small steel discs impregnated with 10 3 (total number of spores) spores of Bacillus atrophaeus enclosed in Tyvek (Apex Laboratories, Apex, N.C., USA) were in some instances placed alongside the football pads during the treatment process. Biological indicators such as this have been used to assess
A multi-stakeholder evaluation of the Baltimore City
Increasing access to healthy foods and beverages in disadvantaged communities is a public health priority due to alarmingly high rates of obesity. The Virtual Supermarket Program (VSP) is a Baltimore City Health Department program that uses online grocery ordering to deliver food to low-income neighborhoods. This study evaluates stakeholder preferences and barriers of program implementation.
Stopping, starting, and sustaining HIV antiretroviral
Although periods of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) discontinuation have deleterious health effects, ART is not always sustained. Yet, little is known about factors that contribute to such ART non-persistence among long-term HIV survivors. The present study applied a convergent parallel mixed-methods design to explore the phenomena of stopping/starting and sustaining ART, focusing on low
Violence against women in sex work and HIV risk
Physical and sexual violence heighten STI/HIV risk for women in sex work. Against this backdrop, we describe the nature of abuse against women in sex work, and its STI/HIV implications, across perpetrators. Adult women involved in sex work (n = 35) in Baltimore, MD participated in an in-depth interview and brief survey. Physical and sexual violence were prevalent, with 43% reporting …
Brief report on the effect of providing single versus
Objectives This study examined condom acquisition by persons in a hospital setting when single versus assorted brand name condoms were provided. Methods Condom receptacles were placed in exam rooms of two clinics. During Phase 1, a single brand name was provided; for Phase 2, assorted brand names were added. Number of condoms taken was recorded for each phase. Results For one …
Intervenable factors associated with suicide risk in
Across Europe, Canada, and the United States, 22–43 % of transgender (trans) people report a history of suicide attempts. We aimed to identify intervenable factors (related to social inclusion, transphobia, or sex/gender transition) associated with reduced risk of past-year suicide ideation or attempt, and to quantify the potential population health impact.
Gaps and opportunities for cervical cancer prevention
Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer amongst women globally and it accounts for the majority of cancer deaths among females in Zimbabwe. The objective of this midterm review analysis was to identify the gaps and opportunities for cervical cancer prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and care to inform the next cervical cancer strategy in Zimbabwe.